Date of Birth:
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ohn W. Gardner was born in Los Angeles in Oct. 8, 1912. He obtained bachelor's and master's degrees in psychology from Stanford in 1935 and 1936, respectively. In 1938, he obtained a doctor from the University of California, Berkeley. Gardner began his active career teaching technology at Columbic College for Women. When the United States entered World War II, he was asked to pay for the Latin American division of the Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service and in 1943, he joined the Marine Corps. After the war ended, he joined the Carnegie Corporation, becoming its president in 1955. Gardner was also appointed head of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advance of Teaching and, in that capacity, laid the foundation for the establishment of the White House Fellows program in 1964. From 1960 onward, John W. Gardner played a key role in strengthening human rights, in reforming education, and in transforming the economy. He has been instrumental in building Medicare, establishing a community television network and supporting volunteer community work. In 1964, Gardner received the presidency of the President, the highest honor in the world. He founded the Common Consequence and led the Urban Coalition, led many work troops and organizations and also taught many civil society organizations.
John W. Gardner